Keywords: rural energy policy, energy consumption, energy planning, renewable energy, China
Rural energy in Jiangsu Province of China: survey of renewable energy source and energy consumption
In recent years, the structure and level of energy consumption in the rural areas of Jiangsu Province, a large province of China in terms of economic development and population, have been changing rapidly. Total energy consumption was about 61 Mtce in 1997, of which 63.0%, 9.7% and 27.3% were used respectively for rural industry, cooking and farming, and of which 44.0$, 26.2%, 7.5%, and 21.8% were respectively from coal, electricity, oil and regenerative energy. From 1985 to 1997, the energy consumption elasticity coefficient was 0.63; the energy consumption per capita in the rural family was 31.62 kgce (we use 7000 kcal/kgce) and effective energy available for cooking per household per day was 4483.6 kcal. This paper assays development trends and puts forward suggestions on energy policies.