Saccharomyces cerevisiae afr1 protein is a protein phosphatase 1/glc7-targeting subunit that regulates the septin cytoskeleton during mating

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Glc7, the type1 serine/threonine phosphatase in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is targeted by auxiliary subunits to numerous locations in the cell, where it regulates a range of physiological pathways. We show here that the accumulation of Glc7 at mating projections requires Afr1, a protein required for the formation of normal projections. AFR1-null mutants fail to target Glc7 to projections, and an Afr1 variant specifically defective in binding to Glc7 [Afr1(V546A F548A)] forms aberrant projections. The septin filaments in mating projections of AFR1 mutants initiate normally but then rearrange asymmetrically as the projection develops, suggesting that the Afr1-Glc7 holoenzyme may regulate the maintenance of septin complexes during mating. These results demonstrate a previously unknown role for Afr1 in targeting Glc7 to mating projections and in regulating the septin architecture during mating.

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