Sampling and On-Site Analytical Methods for Volatiles in Soil and Groundwater - Field Guidance Manual
Abstract: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are among the most frequently identified contaminants in soil and groundwater samples obtained during the investigation of suspected hazardous waste sites. Because some VOCs and their degradation products are potentially mutagenic, carcinogenic, or teratogenic, their concentrations in these two matrices are key factors in the risk assessment process. Furthermore, when risk-based corrective actions are deemed necessary, the subsequent selection and implementation of the appropriate remediation technologies rely heavily upon the VOC concentrations established during site characterization activities. This report briefly addresses procedures, equipment, and logistics for the collection and timely (less than 48 hr) on-site analysis of VOCs in discrete soil and groundwater samples. The collection, preservation, and preparation procedures presented strive to acquire and maintain analyte concentrations that are representative of the location and medium from which the sample was removed.