This article analyses numerous Internet articles that discuss the use of cross-border rivers in Central Asia, including risks involving the appearance of lakes and the building of artificial water reservoirs in mountainous areas. It also evaluates options to prevent the collapse of natural dams, which created natural lakes on mountain streams, and possible ways of using the water of natural lakes for energy needs.
Sarez lake, Rogun HPP, Aral sea, transboundary rivers, water reservoir, energy, efficiency
Lake Sarez, deep in the Pamir mountains of Tajikistan, appeared in 1911 when a strong earthquake triggered a massive landslide that, in turn, became a huge dam along the Murghob River, now called the Usoi Dam. The height of the Usoi Dam is about 600 metres.