Keywords: high tech manpower, manpower policy, science and technology, high technology, regional operation centres, government policy, engineering education, training, manpower shortage, Taiwan
Science and technology manpower policy and an estimation of high tech manpower demand for the regional operation centre: the case of Taiwan
This paper has three main objectives. Firstly, it seeks to analyse the major trends in the development of Taiwan's hi-tech industries, and the supply and demand gap. Secondly, it examines the policies adopted by the government to address the shortage of hi-tech talent in Taiwan, by reforming the education system, strengthening on-the-job training, encouraging the recruitment of overseas talent and promoting the flow of talent between industry and academia. Thirdly, empirical analysis is undertaken to estimate labour demand deriving from the implementation of Taiwan's Regional Operation Center. The results of the empirical research show that, over the next three years, the shortage of manpower in the high tech sector will be most serious among companies in the electronics and electrical machinery industries. It is anticipated that engineers will be in particularly short supply, followed by senior technical personnel.