Keywords: agglomeration economies, cooperation networks, biotechnology, spillovers, vertical alliances, technological capabilities, complementary resources, high-technology firms, location, scientific knowledge, technological knowledge, downstream competences, technological clusters, innovation performance, clustering, collaboration agreements, distributed resources, innovation capability, SMEs
Searching for complementary technological knowledge and downstream competences: clustering and cooperation
Alliances usually are considered a suitable strategy to obtain complementary resources in high-technology firms. In this paper, we make some advances in this topic analysing how the combined effect of location and cooperation networks explains different levels of access to scientific and technological knowledge and downstream competences. Our empirical evidence shows that being located in technological clusters benefits access to spillovers and knowledge from local upstream alliances. Additionally, this location positively influences the number of foreign downstream alliances that joint to national ones are the most effective ties to complete production and marketing capabilities. These results are important because both scientific knowledge and downstream competences are critical to innovation performance.