Selecting the Right Baler for Solid Waste Management
Balers are equipment which helps in managing solid waste effectively. What balers do is basically compress the solid waste into bales so that the solid waste can be effectively stored, managed and transported. Besides cutting down the cost of waste collection, management and transportation, balers also save you lot of time. There are various types of balers available on the market and choosing the right baler for your kind of needs may require some basic understanding on how balers operate.
The most basic way to look at balers is Vertical balers or Horizontal balers; depending upon the direction of movement of hydraulic cylinders or the material to be recycled within the baler, a baler is defined as a vertical baler or horizontal baler. A horizontal baler takes more floor space, while a vertical baler would take more vertical space. Generally vertical balers are used in applications where the quantum of material to be baled is less than 4000 pounds a day.
Some common types of baler equipment available include:
1) Single-ram balers – These are fed by a conveyor which moves in harmony with the baling operation. The solid waste material would enter the baler through the feed window and enter into a box. Once the box is full, ram pushes the material into the chamber for baling.
2) Double-ram balers – These have two rams or hydraulic cylinder. One cylinder would compress the solid waste against the fixed wall, while the second cylinder would eject the finished bale. Double-ram balers are typically more expensive than single ram ones.
3) Closed-Door Manual-Tie Horizontal Baler - These operate on a simpler mechanism. The hopper through which the recyclables are fed into the baler automatically detects when enough materials have been loaded into the machine and it begins the compression cycle. As soon as a part of the material is baled, the hopper will allow more material into the machine. Once the bales are formed it will be manually tied by a laborer.
4) Open-End Automatic-Tie Horizontal Baler – Such balers are best suited where the recycling load is higher and continuous. Unlike the closed door manual tie horizontal baler, this being an open ended machine allows material to be continuously baled and automatically tied. An open end auto tie baler would cost more than a closed door manual tie baler however this would save a lot of time. Hence the potential pros and cons need to be evaluated before taking a decision on which baler to buy.
The dimensions and size of the various baler parts would depend on a host of factors like:
1) The desired size and shape of the bales – The baler equipment available on the market can compress the solid waste into different shapes such as round, rectangular, wired and square balers. Depending on your need, you may select an appropriate one.
2) Size of the waste material pieces to be fed into the baler - Where the size of the waste material pieces to be baled is larger, we would require a baler with a larger feed window.
3) Strength or type of the waste material – Balers find application in various types of industries like cardboard, paper, textiles, agricultural, plastics and metals. Depending on which material needs to be baled, the specification of the balers will vary. If it is a metal that needs to be baled, the strength of the hydraulic cylinder and the baler chamber needs to be much higher than what would be required for baling a plastic material.
If you are looking to buy a baler to recycle your solid waste it is advisable that you consult an expert in the subject. With a growing variety of baler equipments available, it is essential that you evaluate all options thoroughly. A consultant can guide on the various aspects like quality, capital costs, operational or savings in maintenance costs for the various models which would allow you take a more rational and correct decision for your business.