The generation of solid waste has become an increasing environmental and public health problem everywhere in the world, but particularly in developing countries. The rapid expansion of urban, agricultural and industrial activities spurred by rapid population growth has generated vast amounts of solid and liquid wastes that pollute the environment and destroy resources. The management of solid waste is often weak due to lack of appropriate planning, inadequate governance, poor technology, weak enforcement of existing legislation and the absence of economic and fiscal incentives to promote environmentally sound development. The Government of Kenya has currently prioritised solid waste management as a pressing issue and recognises the value and importance of integrating environment and development objectives in the decision making process. The importance of this sub-sector has been identified in various policy and legislative documents.