In July 2003, the authors investigated an outbreak of Shigella sonnei infections in Marion County, Oregon. Nineteen confirmed and 37 presumptive cases, mostly young children, were identified. A case-control study implicated play in an interactive fountain in a city park (matched odds ratio undefined; p < .002). The association was confirmed by a cohort study among local schoolchildren (RR [relative risk] = 12.6, p < .001) that allowed us to estimate that >500 persons became ill. Fountain design flaws and inadequate maintenance set the stage for the outbreak. In 2007, the authors surveyed state health departments to assess rules and regulations governing interactive fountains. Thirty of 48 states responding (62%) reported public health regulation of fountains; standards and enforcement capacity varied. Regulation is a relatively new phenomenon; only 13 states (27%) had rules before 2000. A lack of enforceable design and maintenance standards increases the risk of enteric disease transmission at these increasingly popular venues.
Morphogenic Regulators Baby boom and Wuschel Improve Monocot Transformation
While transformation of the major monocot crops is currently possible, the process typically remains confined to one or two genotypes per species, often with poor agronomics, and efficiencies that place these methods beyond the reach of most academic laboratories. Here, we report a transformation approach involving overexpression of the maize (Zea mays) Baby boom (Bbm) and maize Wuschel2 (Wus2) genes, which produced high transformation frequencies in numerous previously non-transformable maize inbred lines. For...
Reducing Oil & Gas Methane Emissions: EPA Regulations & Data Collection
U.S. President Barack Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau recently committed to very specific targets in the oil and gas sector. Their ambitious goal is to reduce methane emissions by 40-45 percent below 2012 levels by 2025. This target was reaffirmed on June 30 when Mexico’s President Enrique Peña Nieto joined the commitment. The U.S. has already begun acting on these commitments and this month the EPA issued a voluntary request for information on emerging technologies that would help...
Report From Congressional Food Waste Hearing
“Today’s hearing may be the first time the House Agriculture Committee is publicly engaging on this issue, but it will not be our last,” noted Committee Chairman K. Michael Conaway at the recent hearing.On May 25, the House Agriculture Committee held hearings on the issue of food waste. Based on their tone, committee members sounded determined to use government to prompt change in the food waste status quo. Or at the very least, help remove bureaucratic roadblocks to food waste reduction.The...
Top International News in Chemical Policy and Regulation
AUSTRALIA Australia Releases Third Consultation Paper Concerning NICNAS Reform:On April 29, 2016, the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) published thethird consultation paperon itsreform initiative. This consultation paper summarizes the main stakeholder comments on thesecond consultation paper, and builds on the themes in the second consultation paper to describe key changes to the reform proposals. The third consultation paper provides further details and addresses...
Stolthaven Terminals Environmental Reporting - Case Study
Learn howStolthaven Terminalsuses webEI tomanage TCEQ and EPA requirements while improving reporting. Tim Friday discusses how the implementation of regAction’s webEI software and support services reduced the challenges faced with collecting and organizing the reporting data. Its flexibility and ease of use helps Stolthaven maintain the company’s quality standards and meet environmental regulations. Stolthaven is currently utilizing programs from regAction to track and manage Waste, Emissions...