In July 2003, the authors investigated an outbreak of Shigella sonnei infections in Marion County, Oregon. Nineteen confirmed and 37 presumptive cases, mostly young children, were identified. A case-control study implicated play in an interactive fountain in a city park (matched odds ratio undefined; p < .002). The association was confirmed by a cohort study among local schoolchildren (RR [relative risk] = 12.6, p < .001) that allowed us to estimate that >500 persons became ill. Fountain design flaws and inadequate maintenance set the stage for the outbreak. In 2007, the authors surveyed state health departments to assess rules and regulations governing interactive fountains. Thirty of 48 states responding (62%) reported public health regulation of fountains; standards and enforcement capacity varied. Regulation is a relatively new phenomenon; only 13 states (27%) had rules before 2000. A lack of enforceable design and maintenance standards increases the risk of enteric disease transmission at these increasingly popular venues.
NBB Announces New Report On Biodiesel Benefits
On January 22, 2018, the National Biodiesel Board (NBB) announced that a new study on lifecycle energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission effects of biodiesel updates and reaffirms the benefits of using the renewable fuel. The report was published jointly by ANL, Purdue University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Researchers gathered data on the energy and emissions from farming soybeans, the feedstock for approximately half of U.S. biodiesel. Among the data collected was the largest survey of...
Environmental regulation found to boost business performance
Well-designed environmental regulation can enhance business competitiveness and job creation, according to a report by the Aldersgate Group. It also shows that businesses can also benefit from increased investment in innovation and skills, along with better quality products and infrastructure, as a result of smart regulation.This has been demonstrated in the UK’s landfill tax triggering significant investment by the waste industry in new infrastructure and services, while cutting the amount of rubbish...
New California Regulations Pose Challenges and Potential Economic Benefits for Industrial Facilities
States like California are well on their way to implementing laws, rules, and regulations that call for more community ambient air quality monitoring and greater transparency from the chemical industry. For instance, California Assembly Bill 617, signed into law this July, establishes a statewide air monitoring network and calls for greater community air quality monitoring in and around chemical facilities. At the same time Assembly Bill 1647, signed into law earlier this month, directs local air pollution...
Hurricanes Harvey and Irma highlight need for regulating developments
There’s a lingering image of the American Frontier where a calm breeze blows through endless prairies of tall grass, and “the skies are not cloudy all day.”As the prairies become more populated, they get paved over to make way for roads and westward expansion.The tall grass that once ran 14 feet deep is replaced with impermeable asphalt, and the calm quiet is replaced with bustling cities.On days where the blue skies are replaced with rain, the water has nowhere to go but over the impenetrable...
EC Publishes NanoData Landscape Compilation Reports
On June 8, 2017, the European Commission (EC) published eight NanoData Landscape Compilation reports. The EC states that the reports offer a snapshot of the environment for nanotechnology in different application fields: NanoData Landscape Compilation: Health: This report offers a snapshot of the status of the environment for nanotechnology in the context of health. Analysis of that environment, trends in the data, and the effects of European policies and actions on health nanotechnology will be reported in...