European Environment Agency (EEA)

Sludge Treatment and Disposal: Management Approaches and Experiences


Courtesy of Courtesy of European Environment Agency (EEA)


This report describes various methods of sludge treatment and disposal: it is intended for those charged with the task of determining the fate of sludge, providing them with the information necessary to select among action alternatives.

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Background
  3. Sludge characterisation
  4. Transportation and storage
  5. Agricultural Use
  6. Composting
  7. Drying
  8. Incineration (Vitrification, Co-incineration)
  9. Landfilling
  10. New Technologies (Gasification, Wet Oxidation)
  11. Environmental Impact Assessments
  12. How to Decide on Sludge Disposal
  13. Appendices
  14. References

Download the full report in pdf format (1.75 Mb)

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