This paper outlines water reform policy in Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin area. Drawing on research with key informants and farm family members, it notes the significant social impacts in the communities in the region and the limits to adaptation evident amongst people in these areas. It outlines the vulnerability of individuals and communities and notes the need for actions to build resilience and to enable transformation in these areas. With this in mind, policy strategies are outlined that may assist long-term social sustainability in this region.
Keywords: water policy, social impacts, adaptation, vulnerability, resilience, transformation