Keywords: biosecurity, infectious diseases, influenza, flu pandemics, plague, preparedness, primary care, public health, vaccine, biological security, risk assessment, biological threats, social stability
Societal stability, public health and primary care as three pillars of defence in biosecurity
Infectious diseases have threatened humanity since the beginning of time, causing more death and illness than all wars of mankind combined. This historical review describes some outbreaks and endemic diseases and examines risk factors and individual, organisational and governmental responses. History teaches us that the most effective responses to mitigating biological disaster require coordination at all levels, from the individual to the state. The past also clearly demonstrates that basic factors such as societal and institutional stability, public health and primary care form the most important pillars of defence against infectious disease.