Keywords: database, decision-making, fuzzy sets, hierarchy analysis, invention, invention software, knowledge base, knowledge systematisation, morphological synthesis
Software for inventive problem-solving
Invention problem-solving is associated with essential expenses of labour and time, which is spent on the procedures of search and ordering of necessary knowledge, on the generation of probable variants of projected systems, on the analysis of offered ideas and decisions and understanding their perspectives. This article outlines the results of the developments in the field of computer-supported invention. The majority of attention is paid to the problem of computer-aided designing in the initial stages, where synthesis of new technical systems is carried out. Computer-aided construction of new technical systems is based on using data and knowledge bases of physical effects and of technical decisions as well as different heuristic systematisation procedures. The synthesis of functional principles for technically new systems is carried out by using expert knowledge, which requires the application of AI methods and methods of decision-making theory for the task of invention. The considered approach has been used for synthesis of new technical systems with different functional purposes and has shown high efficiency in computer-aided construction.