ZSM-5 crystals with controllable c-axis length were successfully synthesized through a one-pot solvent-free route, with urea as an additive. X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) show that the prepared samples exhibit high crystallinity. N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms and mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) analysis together with TEM observations indicate that micro-, meso-, and macropores exist in the obtained samples. Catalytic tests for the methanol to gasoline (MTG) conversion showed that the prepared c-axis oriented hierarchical ZSM-5, which allow fast mass transfer, exhibited both 100 % methanol conversion and far longer lifetime (900 h) than those of ZSM-5 with conventional morphology (350 h) in the MTG reaction. The enhanced MTG performance by the c-axis oriented zeolite under one-pot solvent-free synthesis is of great importance as it is easily scaled-up for industrial applications.