IWA Publishing

IWA Publishing

Sorption equilibrium, thermodynamics and pH-indicator properties of cresyl violet dye/bentonite composite system

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The aim of the present study was to develop cresyl violet (CV)/bentonite composite system, to investigate the equilibrium sorption of the fluorescent dye on bentonite, to determine the characteristic equilibrium and thermodynamic parameters of the system by appropriate empirical isotherm models and to assess its pH-indicator properties. The absorption characteristics of CV solutions were investigated by UV/VIS spectrophotometer. Equilibrium experiments were conducted and the experimental data were modelled by six mathematical isotherm models. The analyses of the experimental data showed that bentonite exhibited significantly high capacity – 169.92 mg/g, towards CV. The encapsulation efficiency was 85%. The Langmuir, Flory-Huggins and El-Awady models best represented the experimental results. The free Gibbs energy of adsorption (ΔGo) was calculated on the basis of the values of the equilibrium coefficients determined by the proposed models. The values of ΔG determined by the Langmuir, Temkin and Flory-Huggins models are within the range −20 to −40 kJ/mol, which indicates that the adsorption process is spontaneous and chemisorption takes place due to charge sharing or transfer from the dye molecules to the sorbent surface as a coordinate type of bond. The investigations of the obtained CV/bentonite hybrid systems for application as pH-markers showed satisfactory results.

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