IWA Publishing

Strategic security measures for water infrastructure

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As the 10th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 (9/11) attacks is fast approaching, the United States (U.S.) has no definite information of terror threat.  According to the systematic approaches of risk assessment and concise intelligence analysis presented in the book entitled, 'Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security' (hereafter, the 'RAWISS book'), the terrorists will potentially intrude and launch their next coordinated attacks during the economic recovery and political reform in the U.S. or when the U.S. is not totally on guard.  But these attacks may or may not necessarily happen during the10th anniversary of 9/11. The next coordinated revenge attacks is considered to be a very small-scale probability event for the decision makers and security leaders and general public. Moreover, the enemies knew that it is difficult to initiate massive attacks within the U.S particularly after Bin Laden was killed in May 1, 2011.  Therefore, the terrorist leaders will have to plan for that deemed small-scale probability event to achieve their mission of bringing down U.S. to its knees.  Right now, the government warned U.S. to be watchful and Americans can expect more security at airports, mass transit stations, U.S. borders, government buildings and major athletic events over the next month, said an intelligence official who spoke anonymously to discuss sensitive security matters (CBS News, 2011).  Even though there are grave threats from principal terrorist leaders against the U.S. water infrastructure following 9/11 (Doro-on, 2011) and after May 1, 2011, I still see that most of the water supply systems currently remain unprotected, including dams, reservoirs, aquifer, and aqueducts (Doro-on, 2011).  Meanwhile, the RAWISS book graphically uncovers potential terror threat to inflating extreme events (coordinated attacks), which occur with small probability per cumulative prospect theory rather than a deflating of all small probability events.  Then public will strongly demand government for extensive security to water systems and other infrastructures crucial to the U.S. economy.  The book recommended risk acceptability analysis to screen alternatives for cost-effective security measures and to achieve terrorism risk acceptable to U.S. society.

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