Studies on removal of chromium (VI) from water using chitosan coated Cyperus pangorei

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Environmental contamination by toxic heavy metals is a significant universal problem. The main objective of the study is to use a biodegradable materials like Cyperus pangorei and Chitosan as a composite biosorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from water. The newly prepared biosorbent is characterized and the capacity of Cr(VI) removal of the biosorbent is carried out systematically by batch mode operations. The adsorption capacity of the biosorbent is examined by changing the parameters like biosorbent dose, varying the initial contact time, varying initial concentration of metal ion and pH of the metal ion solution to know the actual mechanism taking place during the initial sorption process. The experimental data obtained were fitted with the Freundlich, Langmuir and Redlich–Peterson isotherm models and the pseudo first order and the pseudo second order kinetic models. Equilibrium data were fitted very well to the Langmuir Isotherm model and pseudo second order kinetic model. Desorption of the metal ion is also carried out using different concentration of NaOH.

Keywords: chitosan, Cyperus pangorei, desorption, langmuir model, Redlich–Peterson, sorption isotherm

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