Inderscience Publishers

Study of the urban heat island in Lecce (Italy) by means of ADMS and ENVI-MET


The urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon may produce several cascade effects on citizens’ health, energy consumption and air quality. Numerical modelling is recognised to be a powerful tool for the analysis of the UHI, although the question of which model to use (as implied in the ‘fit-for-purpose’ approach) much depends on the application and on the result of satisfactory validation against field measurements. In this paper, two different modelling approaches are applied, namely the integral-semi-Gaussian model ADMS-TH and the CFD-based model ENVI-met, to assess the UHI phenomenon in a city of south Italy (Lecce). Modelling results are validated against field measurements collected during summer 2012. The results suggest that the integral model has the ability of capturing the UHI cycle at city scale, while CFD modelling did not provide any substantial improvements in terms of local geometric effects on temperature distribution.

Keywords: ENVI-met, ADMS-temperature and humidity model, land use, urban morphology, urban heat island, UHI

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