Keywords: biodiesel, castor beans, soy beans, National Programme for Biodiesel Use and Production, PNBP, sustainability, institutional framework, family farmers, Brazil, sustainable development, biofuels, raw materials, social inclusion, sustainable farming, sustainable agriculture
Sustainability evaluation of the national programme of biodiesel use and production: comparative analysis: Quixadá Hub (Ceará) and Central Hub (Rio Grande do Sul)
This article analysed the conditioners of sustainability that can be related to family farmers involved in the production of raw material for the Brazil's National Programme for Biodiesel Use and Production (PNBP) in the Quixadá Hub (Ceará) and in the Central Hub (Rio Grande do Sul). The PNPB, officially launched in Brazil in 2004 with the goals of building a sustainable programme, fostering social inclusion, and providing added income to farmers, was innovative in instituting the social fuel label as a tool for sustainable family farming. The reference used to define the conditioners was the systemic analysis of Brazil's formal institutional framework. Surveys were conducted at a castor bean hub located in Ceará State's Central hinterlands and at soybean hub in the central area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Results allowed the conclusion that the PNPB provided new opportunities for the family farmers of the regions studied, evidenced through the presentation of sustainability conditioners.