The San Francisco Integration Project is a Brazilian government project aiming to bring water to the semiarid region of the northeast. The project provides funding for two diversions of the San Francisco River, supplementing the supply of local water in four Brazilian states. The Piranhas-Açú and Jaguaribe basins will become the largest recipients of these water deliveries. In this paper, we propose methodologies to state in monetary terms the technical coefficients of water use for the economic sectors associated with urban supply (US) and agricultural irrigation (AI) in different regions of these basins. These coefficients show that for the US economic sectors, at a certain level of urbanization the productivity of water is decreasing. The coefficients of AI obtained are much lower than those of US. The coefficients of AI, when calculated by crop, showed that there is generally an inadequate crop mix in the two basins. When this is associated with the low efficiency of water use, the result is a low economic value per cubic metre of water allocated to the sector. This implies, for both sectors, a need for incentives to use water in a more efficient way.
- IWA Publishing
- Technical coefficients of direct use of water in monetary terms ...
Ordos urban water supply project Phase 1, phase 2 - Case Study
Project Location: Ordos Capacity: 100,000 m³/d Model: 2 sets of HAST10（RizonSDI Automatic SDI Monitor - Waste water Application)
Multicriteria performance analysis of an integrated urban wastewater system for energy management
The optimization and management of an integrated urban wastewater system is a complex problem involving many processes and variables. The possible control options are defined by several management strategies that may differently impact the economic, operational or environmental performance of the system. The present paper aims to contribute to the environmental and energy sustainability of urban wastewater systems by means of a multicriteria performance analysis. The paper begins with a complete analysis of the...
Opportunities and barriers in scaling up of 24/7 urban water supply: the case of Karnataka, India
Scaling up pilot projects providing continuous water supply to households in Indian cities has proved challenging. This study identifies opportunities and barriers in scaling up, in order to derive recommendations for bridging the gap between testing policy innovations and bringing projects to scale. We analyse pilot design, required resources, and drivers of stakeholders, institutions and the environment for a case study in Karnataka and find a wide range of factors that affect adoption of 24/7 water supply....
Analysis of domestic water demand variables of a residential colony in Ajmer, Rajasthan (India)
In this paper, significant variables of domestic urban water demand required for the purpose of estimation of urban water supply in five planned colonies of the City of Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, are identified. The data for these 16 variables are entered in the multiple linear regression (MLR) (stepwise) models in SPSS software, and domestic water demand models are developed. Based on these models, the six most significant variables, namely temperature (T), rainfall (RF), family size (FS), family income (FI),...
Integrating water distribution system efficiency into the water conservation strategy for ...
Improving water management in California requires a transition from imported to local water resources used efficiently. To assess this transitional capacity of water retailers in metropolitan Los Angeles County, we focused on a key water management metric: the water distribution efficiency. We traced the evolution of water loss reduction policy and practices globally with emphasis on California. California Senate Bills 1420 and 555 mandate annual water auditing and reporting for urban water suppliers. We surveyed...