The adoption of private natural areas and payment for ecosystem services in Brazil: Analysis of the oasis project legal scheme
The present article focuses on the analysis of the legal scheme of the Oasis Project, launched in 2006 by the Brazilian private foundation called “Fundação O Boticário de Proteção à Natureza”. The Oasis Project represents an innovative approach in Brazil, which pays landowners to preserve the remaining Atlantic Forest areas in the watersheds region of the São Paulo metropolitan area. Such areas are of great importance, not only for their environmental relevance, but also because they supply nearly 4 million people with drinking water. Landowners stay responsible for the conservation of those areas, and the foundation supplies them with environmental management resources and planning, as well as the necessary technical assistance. Due to the innovative nature of the project, it was necessary to develop specific agreements that take into consideration both legal and technical aspects.