Keywords: climate change, carbon dioxide, coal, Earth Summit, Framework Convention, greenhouse gases, GHG emissions, OECD, Toronto outcome, Australia, energy use, global warming
The cost to Australia of reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Australia has a particular interest in the greenhouse issue and control of greenhouse gas emissions. Although the economy is reliant on energy-intensive industries, Australia has been one of those countries prepared to make substantial commitments to reducing emissions. This paper describes the potential impact on Australia of the cost of these commitments, with a particular focus on energy-related emissions of CO2. It briefly reviews the pattern of energy use in Australia, then looks at a number of studies of the rest of emissions control and concludes by making a comparison with some other countries and addressing some of the main policy issues.