When it comes to choosing the optimal drum technology for your foundry, there are two basic options available to foundries: vibratory drums and rotary drums. Both technologies other advantages in certain applications, and disadvantages in others.
Vibratory drums come in two varieties… media and non-media applications. Vibratory drums are optimal for no-bake, brass, and all other foundry applications where the reduction or elimination of casting damage is necessary. Benefits of the non-rotating design include ease of dust collection and air system attachments, the ability to add peripheral attachments such as water addition, and for mating auxiliary equipment to the drum.
Non-Media vibrating drums, such as General Kinematics Vibra-Drum, deliver high capacity throughput, plus superior material motion, for efficient sand and casting processing. The Vibra-Drums natural frequency vibration produces a beneficial drum-like rotary motion of the sand and casting bed that quickly reduces sand lumps and cleans surface sand from castings without causing the castings to fall and tumble on each other. This motion reduces the chances of damage to fragile castings such as motor housings, camshafts, which would nick, chip, or crack when processed through a rotary device. The castings and sand are typically discharged onto a two-mass, high frequency vibratory shakeout, which imparts high energy at a small stroke to remove mold and any remaining core sand from the castings.
General Kinematics latest innovation is the new Vibra-Clean vibrating media drum, which cleans and cools castings in one efficient step. Vibra-Clean can use any type of media, which optimizes cleaning operations based on desired results for your particular casting. Molds are processed over a vibratory shakeout prior to entering the Vibra-Clean to remove mold sand. Once inside, they are conveyed in a horizontal path, eliminating casting to casting contact. The media is activated in a circular motion within the drum, gently scrubbing castings clean. This motion eliminates media from wedging or jamming into casting surfaces, which is a problem typically found when rotary media drums are used. This motion also eliminates labor and casting inspection time post cleaning. The castings and media then exit the drum onto a vibratory conveyor, where media is screened from the castings, and re circulated.
Rotary drums have been used for many years as a simple, cost effective solution for processing castings in all types of foundries. However, rotary drums tend to lift and drop castings, which can cause unnecessary damage and increased scrap rates. One place that rotary drums still have applicability is in the ductile foundry, where gates, runners and sprue need to be removed from castings prior to blast. Due to the lift and drop action of rotary devices, tangling of castings and sprue is also reduced. Innovations in rotary technology, such as General Kinematics new Ducta-Series rotary drums, allow ductile foundries to e¬ectively process castings without the typical high maintenance costs found in older rotary technology. Drums in the Ducta-Series use a single segmented heavy-duty rotary shell. This significantly reduces the maintenance costs of replacing expensive cast liners found in other types of rotary drums, and allows only portions of the drum shell to be replaced as needed.. Patent pending Ducta-Series drums extract sand and media through multiple discharge points within the drum. Use of vibratory collection technology allows the foundry to direct the sand in any direction the foundry chooses for optimal process layout, and eliminates reintroduction of sand to the drum for optimal process tuning.
Rotary drums are designed to perform speci c processes. Drums such as the Ducta-Sprue are specifically engineered to quickly clean and break up sprue for cleaner recycle. The Ducta-Screen rotary shakeout removes sand from castings and removes sprue and gates from castings. The Ducta-Clean media drum uses media to clean ductile castings prior to the blast process.
Foundry drums over many bene ts to innovative foundry operations. Whether you cast delicate motor housings or large ductile castings, drum technology exists to increase your foundries throughput, produce cleaner castings for finishing, and reduce emissions. For more information, or help selecting a drum technology to improve your foundry operations, please contact GK's foundry technology group.