The domestic disinfection and safe storage of water project, Montero, Bolivia preliminary report
Since January of 1991, more than one million people in Latin America have become ill from cholera, and of these, almost nine thousand have died. Various investigations in Latin America have demonstrated that water was the most important source of transmission of this illness during the first six years of life. There were many risk factors for cholera transmission through water: municipal water, surface water, well water, untreated water, and water stored at home. The cholera epidemic demonstrated that the sanitary infrastructure in the continent is inadequate to protect the health of the growing population. Nevertheless, it is estimated that, to improve the treatment, water management, and healthy environment in Latin America in the best possible conditions would cost twelve billion dollars and would take at least twelve years. But such resources do not exist at this time and the solution to this problem is long term. Therefore, there is a need for other mid-term alternatives that are less costly and can be rapidly implemented to strengthen the forces against cholera and other diarrhea illnesses which, in spite of diminishing cases of cholera, continues to be a very serious problem for Latin America.