- John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- The Exxon Valdez oil spill at 25 years: What have we learned?
Solution blooming for fracking spills?
Blooming salts may clean up after brine spills North Dakota`s oil boom can have a salty side-effect. Wastewater from oil drilling and hydraulic fracturing – or fracking – is often laden with salts and can spill, contaminating soils. In 2014, for example, 42 such brine spills per week, on average, were recorded in North Dakota. Brine spills introduce so much salt into the soil that local vegetation cannot survive. The salts stay around for decades, even centuries. That prevents growth of plants,...
The Importance of Local Knowledge When Preparing an Oil Spill Response Plan
What to Know About New OSRP Regulations What is an OSRP? Comprehensive Oil Spill Response Plans (OSRPs) have been required for many years for containers with a capacity of 42,000 gallons or more. The goal of these comprehensive OSRPs was to detail specific response requirements in the event of a spill and ensure the transporter had plans and training in place to respond. Since a typical train tanker car only carries about 30,000 gallons, comprehensive OSRPs rarely applied to the rail industry until now. PHMSA...
Impacts of Deepwater Horizon crude oil exposure on adult mahi‐mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) swim ...
The temporal and geographic attributes of the Deepwater Horizon incident in 2010 likely exposed pelagic game fish species, such as mahi‐mahi, to crude oil. Although much of the research assessing the effects of the spill has focused on early life stages of fish, studies examining whole‐animal physiological responses of adult marine fish species are lacking. Using swim chamber respirometry, the present study demonstrates that acute exposure to a sublethal concentration of the water accommodated fraction of Deepwater...
Lamor & Arctia study effectiveness of oil spill response applications in ice
Arctia Karhu Oy’s harbor icebreaker, Ahto, based out of Kemi in northern Finland, is participating in oil spill response research and development in the Gulf of Bothnia, between Ajos and Tornio, during the first week of February, 2016. The ice trials will test and examine the effectiveness of mechanical oil spill response operations in ice and the behavior of oil throughout recovery operations. During the test, the flow of oil beneath the ice will be simulated by the use of Rhodamine dye, a red tracer...
Biosurfactant produced by a Rhodococcus erythropolis mutant as an oil spill response agent
Biosurfactants have been considered as superior alternatives to currently used surfactants as they are generally more biodegradable, less toxic, and better at enhancing biodegradation. However, the application of biosurfactants is limited by the availability of economic biosurfactants and the corresponding producers that can work effectively. Hyperproducers generated by metabolic engineering of biosurfactant producers are highly desired to overcome this obstacle. A Rhodococcus erythropolis SB-1A strain was...