Keywords: industrial clusters, eco–innovation, environmental performance, economic performance, corporate social responsibility, CSR, competitiveness, sustainable development, sustainability, green economy, industrial districts, environmental management, Italy, eco–districts, eco–efficiency
The link between environmental and economic performance: evidence from some eco–innovative industrial clusters
The research aims to investigate the presence of a correlation between eco–innovation and competitiveness within districts. The case analysed in this article is based on a study concerning a sample of 54 Italian industrial clusters entitled 'Eco–Districts' that has compiled a list of the most eco–efficient districts at the national level. After selecting eight districts, this study assesses the economic performance of the last three years through the analysis of trends of four indicators: number of enterprises, employment, production and export. The results show that only in some cases there is a connection between eco innovation and economic performance.