Keywords: nuclear security, nuclear materials, nuclear facilities, physical protection, accountability, control, USA, United States, Russia, threat reduction, security culture, nuclear governance, international cooperation
The main findings of the Third Russian International Conference on Nuclear Material Protection, Control and Accounting, Obninsk, RF, 16–20 May, 2005
The First and the Second Russian International Conferences on Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A), held in 1997 and 2000, under the US-Russian programme of the MPC&A cooperation, proved to be a useful tool for Russian and US specialists and experts from other countries for sharing their opinions and exchanging achievements in this sensitive area. The recommendation to hold the third MPC&A Conference in Russia was formulated in the final document of the second conference in 2000. The results of the US-Russian cooperation are especially valuable because they demonstrate how much can be done through the joint efforts of even previously adversarial countries. This paper gives a summary of the main findings of the Third Russian Conference on the MPC&A with a specific emphasis on physical protection of Russian nuclear materials and nuclear facilities.