Understanding, sensitizing and accounting Virtual Water Trade (the embedded water flow) between locations, nations and geographies is necessary to contain future water wars. Virtual water need not be limited to agricultural output, but can also be applied to all other products and services. Across nations, all organizations, farmers and consumers should be accounted for the Virtual Water Units consumed. There is a need for an international Virtual Water protocol defined similarly to the current Carbon Credits model and managed by an independent body. This paper discusses the need for Virtual Water Credits, an International Trading System for Virtual Water Trade between countries, roles and responsibilities of all key stakeholders.
CDM monitoring & reporting for carbon credits case study
Abridged from a Wastecon 2008 Presentation and Paper by Mitchal L. Cassel LANDTEC, Colton, California The project sites The project is in Brazil and obtains certified emission reductions (CER) or carbon credits for a large scale, waste handling and disposal, clean development mechanism (CDM) project. Methane emissions are being reduced through collection and destruction of landfill gas (LFG). The project is a joint venture between environmental finance company, EcoSecurities, and Brazilian civil engineering and...
Micro-Hydros Earn First Carbon Revenue in Nepal
MICRO-HYDROS EARN FIRST CARBON REVENUE IN NEPAL While the rugged mountains of rural Nepal don’t lend themselves to grid-fed electricity, their rivers, lakes, and glacial melt offer plenty of renewable resources for energy. Between 2007 and 2014, over 400 micro run-of-the-river hydropower plants were built by the Nepali government with help from the World Bank as part of theNepal Micro-hydro Promotionproject. The smallest micro-hydro plant, at 7 kilowatts, provides electricity to about 100 households...
Low carbon fuel bill passed in Oregon senate
On February 26, 2015, the Oregon State Senate passed Senate Bill 324 (SB 324), a measure that would require fuel producers to reduce the amount of carbon in car and truck fuels. If passed by the Oregon House of Representatives, SB 324 will implement a low-carbon standard in the state of Oregon. The measure is modeled on California`s fuel standard, and would require fuel importers to cut the carbon in fuels by 10 percent from 2016 to 2025. This would result in a three percent reduction of the total emissions in...
Carbon credits earned from a double slope active solar still under forced circulation mode
Human life on land is vitally dependent on fresh water along with food and air. Many areas in the world do not have access to fresh water. Growing demands of freshwater resources are creating an urgent need to develop self sustained system to meet the demand. At present, many distillation methods are available like reverse osmosis, thin film distillation multi-effect fresh evaporation but they are energy intensive or contribute to environmental degradation. Distillation is one technique used for treating available...
Kenya’s first carbon credits from geothermal energy pay for schools
Last month, I drove through dust on bumpy dirt roads from Nairobi to visit the Oloirowua Primary School in Suswa, 140 kilometers northeast of the Kenya capital. The school sits on the vast savannah near Hell’s Gate National Park, an area with substantial geothermal potential. Here,KenGen, Kenya’s electric generating company, has built the country’slargest geothermal plantwith support from the World Bank. It’s part of the utility’s effort to “green the grid.” At the...