Keywords: scientific academies, Norway, history of science, research policy, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, international scientific relations
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters: current revival of a time-honoured institution
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, founded in 1857, is a non-governmental, nation-wide, and interdisciplinary body which embraces all fields of learning. Its main purpose is to support the advancement of science and scholarship in Norway. In addition to organising academy meetings, national and international symposia, the academy has been given the responsibility for conferring prestigious international scientific prizes. Local and global challenges and the position of a traditional academy in a small country, situated in a strategically important, but remote part of Europe, are discussed. Through its memberships in various international scientific organisations, the academy plays an increasing national role in the promotion of international scientific relations.