The Predictive Potential of a Battery of Ecotoxicological Tests for Human Acute Toxicity, as Evaluated with the First 50 MEIC Chemicals
Abstract : The acute toxicities of the first 50 chemicals (dextropropoxyphene hydrochloride excluded) of the multicentre evaluation of in vitrocytotoxicity (MEIC) programme were determined on four aquatic invertebrates and a bacterial strain (Photobacterium phosphoreumfor the MicrotoxTM test) commonly used in ecotoxicology testing. Three of the aquatic invertebrate tests consisted of cyst-based toxicity tests (Artoxkit M withArtemia salina, Streptoxkit F withStreptocephalus proboscideus, and Rotoxkit F withBrachionus calyciflorus) and theDaphnia magna test. Results of simple linear regression analyses indicated that the rodent tests (rat and/or mouse) were better than the ecotoxicological tests for predicting acute oral lethal doses in man. However, it appears that the batteries of ecotoxicological tests resulting from the partial least squares method appear to be better than the rodent tests for predicting human oral lethal doses.