Keywords: Kyoto Protocol, Bali Roadmap, Copenhagen Accord, Cancun Agreement, Green Climate Fund, Durban, Conference of Parties 17, COP 17, UN process reform, United Nations, climate change negotiations
The prospect of the United Nations' climate change negotiating framework: implications from Copenhagen and Cancun
Concluded with a piece of 'Copenhagen Accord' that is not legally binding, 13 days of seesaw battles on Denmark's negotiation table did not yield any substantial results. Neither did the end of another 12 days of climate change conference in Mexico a year later in 2010, marked with a 'Cancun Agreement' that achieved nothing but money ? the Green Climate Fund. For years, state leaders have gone home almost empty-handed. By late 2009, the international community had not accomplished their mission to complete the negotiations for an international climate change regime going forward from 2012 as enshrined in the Bali Roadmap. The Copenhagen and Cancun summits all proceeded within the UN's framework as agreed in 1992, but a comprehensive, all-encompassing and legally binding climate change deal, which many activists and governments want, remains out of reach for the world. Is the current climate change negotiating framework outdated? To answer this question, we have to analyse briefly the outcomes of both conferences first.