Keywords: Asian hegemony, China, India, Indian Ocean, military forces, Myanmar, Pakistan, strategic objectives, strategic competition, superpowers, containment policies, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, regional hegemony, South Asia, Southeast Asia, realist strategies, rapprochement, hegemonic influence, Middle Kingdom, business, globalisation, Asia-Pacific, multidisciplinary perspectives
The pursuit of Asian hegemony: a comparison of Chinese and Indian strategic objectives and containment policies
It is contended in this article that India and China as the rising powers of Asia are competing for regional hegemony despite the facade of rapprochement. To achieve their goals, they employ two differing approaches. The primary component of China's long-term strategy is to encircle India by embroiling it in regional affairs detrimental to New Delhi's larger Asian ambitions. China has engaged and armed South Asian countries such as Pakistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan. This article focuses on two of the more important cases: Pakistan and Myanmar. India has countered China's advances by courting Southeast Asian states. However, unless New Delhi emulates Beijing's essentially realist strategic model it will not be able to prevent the Middle Kingdom from engulfing Asia under its hegemonic influence.