Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA)

The Role of Knowledge in Improving Efficiency and Effectiveness in Waste Management: The Case of Maputo Mozambique

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Courtesy of Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA)

The development challenge in Mozambique is perceived in the context of lack of knowledge, inadequate resources, lack of innovation, lack of cooperation between the public and the private sectors, and resilient institutional inabilities to enhance enterprise activities. Persistent development challenge constraints the government as well as the private sector in administering necessary resources required for waste management activities (World Bank, 2006). Considering the fact that Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world, the government has difficulties coping with increasing volumes of waste (Llewellyn, 2007). In 2004, the municipal budget of Maputo was about 40% only for waste collection (Government of Mozambique, Department of Waste Management, 2006). This volume could be reduced by almost 30% if the proper knowledge was effectively applied by both households in the city centre and sub-urban areas (Karani and Costa, 2007).

Identifying knowledge gaps in the sector of waste management and generating ideas supported by practical pilot projects and lessons learned on how knowledge can essentially contribute to effectiveness and efficiency in minimizing pollution from waste provides opportunities for the development of environmental infrastructure. In this context, a knowledge framework for managing waste is proposed for application in areas experiencing large volumes of waste and continuously lack resources to manage these volumes of waste. The framework is community based with a view of managing waste that will add value to the development of socio-economic fabrics of Maputo.

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