Keywords: mangroves, tsunami, cyclones, floods, disaster mitigation, flooding, mangrove ecosystems, natural disasters, India, costal protection, mangrove conservation
The role of mangroves in disaster mitigation: a review
The aim of this paper is to study the role played by mangrove ecosystems in minimising the impact of disasters like tsunami, floods and cyclones. A comparison of the studies concerning effective mitigation of tsunami and natural disasters by mangrove ecosystems was carried out for countries with special focus on India. A study about the role of mangroves across various states in India is also presented. The main findings, based on the literature review, are that mangroves occurring near the coast play an important role in the protection of the coast from the natural disasters like tsunami, floods, cyclones, sea level rise, etc. It is concluded that it is necessary to realise the dangers and consequences of undermining the services provided by the mangrove ecosystems in coastal protection and to conserve mangroves in every part of the world. The value of this paper lies in presenting an exhaustive review of the role played by mangroves in mitigating disasters.