Keywords: functionality development, Canon printers, Japanese PCs, personal computers, price elasticity, Japan, techno-countervailing power, technology elasticity, technological innovation, competition, monopoly, R&, amp, D, research and development
The role of techno-countervailing power in inducing the development and dissemination of new functionality – an analysis of Canon printers and Japan's personal computers
Industrial economics suggests that a competitive environment induces firms to undertake vigorous R&D, while a monopoly enables firms to efficiently acquire R&D resources. Therefore, optimal co-evolution between competition and monopoly is indispensable for significant technological innovation. This paper attempts to demonstrate this postulate by analysing the interacting dynamism between technological development and production in the printers market as well as subsequent demand for the expansion of the personal computer market driven by new functionality development of printers. On the basis of an empirical analysis of Canon printers and Japan's personal computers, the significant role of techno-countervailing power between supply and demand in inducing and disseminating new functionality is demonstrated.