Keywords: nuclear liability, Russia, nuclear law, Multilateral Nuclear Environment Programme, Russian Federation, MNEPR, indemnification, Rosatom, Minatom, civil code, Federal Act on Atomic Energy Use, IAEA, INPRO, nuclear energy, nuclear power, nuclear safety
The Russian approach to nuclear liability
This paper gives a view of the challenges of nuclear liability in the specific context of the Russian Federation's legal system. Starting from the Chernobyl disaster and the benefits of nuclear energy, a detailed examination of the development of both internal law and international law regulating nuclear liability matters in Russia is given. Special attention is paid to the regimes established by bilateral treaties, the system of government bodies responsible for nuclear energy affairs, and the consequences of the 1963 Vienna Convention's entry into force for Russia. The value of Russian experience in finding the resolution of global nuclear liability issues is discussed.