Keywords: GHG emissions, methanotrophic processes, landfill gas, methane emissions, greenhouse gases, anaerobic biodegradation, organic waste, global warming, landfills, waste management
The use of methanotrophic applications to control of fugitive methane emissions from the biodegradation of organic waste
Large amounts of methane (CH4) escapes to the atmosphere through fugitive emissions arising from anthropogenic sources. This is detrimental because the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CH4 is 25 times that of carbon dioxide (CO2) on a 100 year time horizon. As a result, there has been increasing interest in developing cost–effective and reliable alternatives for the minimisation of CH4 releases into the atmosphere. The aim of this paper is to discuss the current state of efforts and alternatives with respect to the control of fugitive CH4 emissions generated from the anaerobic biodegradation of organic waste.