IWA Publishing

The Wastewater life cycle inventory tool by 2.-0 LCA consultants


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Very often the fate of chemicals after use is to be sent to municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), where they are subject to degradation. In many life cycle assessment (LCA) studies we need to account for the environmental impacts caused by the disposal of chemical substances down the drain, however existing LCA models for wastewater treatment typically reflect the average performance of WWTPs, rather than the specific fate of particular chemicals. Obviously, different chemicals behave differently in WWTPs, depending on their physical-chemical properties and biodegradability. An accurate modelling of the life cycle impacts of chemicals requires taking into account this specific behavior, namely whether a chemical will be either degraded, volatilized, partitioned to sludge, discharged unchanged, or a combination of these.

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  1. By Hugo Souza on

    Hi there, Why can not I access this paper? The page of the full article is not found

  2. By Publications on

    @null Dear Hugo, Apologies for this difficulty. We have recently moved some of our content across platforms and it appears that this link was not updated. This has now been rectified. Thank you for bringing this to our attention. Best wishes from IWA Publishing.

  3. By Hugo Souza on

    @null Thank you so much! King Regards, Hugo.