Rural water being a source for health, an essential nutrient and a building block for peoples’ lives in local communities cannot be sustained without external support in form of boreholes as they are the ‘surefire’ answer to providing fresh water in rural communities.
A borehole is simply a deep-hole or a shaft sunk into the earth purposed forobtainingwater. Boreholes can be drilled to greater depths (50ft–85ft)quickly and safely, tapping into deeper aquifers, certainlylimitingconstraints facing traditional ‘hand-dug’ open-wells, which often are at risk of not consistently providing fresh water during the dry seasons.
Boreholes are normally drilled and can be upgraded to a fully integrated water system, from a hand-pump to a simple water station with piped water fed to individual compounds by complete solar or electric powered water supply systems for full scale water supply in local communities.
The borehole drilling process is quite a simple one which basically involves among others conducting a geological/hydrological survey, drilling, pump-testing, casting, and fitting as well as maintaining the well to ensure its full-functionality.
Boreholes can provide safe and reliable water for the whole community, avoiding the risk of cross contamination of water-borne diseases which is quite common among many rural community wells.Boreholes can be of help in providingboth household and industrial water to; families, schools, health-centers, public institutions like (police and prisons communities), religious-institutions, business community (brick-laying and building/construction, etc.) as well as to farmers (water animals and irrigation) all within the local communities. Women and children can also gain easy and quick access to waterwithout being subjected the risk of accidents and deaths arising from falling into the water wells as well as saving the community members especially (pregnant mothers) from unnecessary long distances while fetching water.
The cost for one (1) Boreholein Uganda normally ranges between(5800USD – 6800USD)which is dependent on the contractor’s reserve -priceas well as the number of boreholes to be drilled, but the benefits and opportunities for supportingthe community growth with such a borehole are far greater than the cost itself. One borehole has the capacity to supply between (1200 Ltrs to 2000 Ltrs) of water per-hour, implying; (100 families) can be able to each have accessto (120 Ltrs) of water daily from a single borehole during the 12 hours in a day. This therefore means that if each village in Uganda hasutmost (2 well maintained / rehabilitatedboreholes) in place, the challenges associated with water scarcity in rural communities in the country would be no more.
During the last two decades, significant amount of work on development of rural water and sanitation in Uganda has effectively so-far been done by among others; the Government, NGOs and some Religious Institutions; however a lot still needs to be done in this sector so as to consolidate the gains that have been already registered.