Keywords: freshwater crisis, scarcity, international convention, World Water Council, water vision, water forum, water conference, international protocols
Towards a global freshwater convention: challenges ahead
The imminent freshwater crisis affects all forms of development. Freshwater concerns are multi-scale, diverse and complex in nature, and management options may either call for action by local stakeholders or require transboundary/regional agreements. Unlike other global environmental issues, the international community is yet to formulate a global water convention. The progress over two decades from Marl del Plata to Rio to Hague to Bonn has been significant. Institutionalisation of global water think tanks and networks has paved the way to structure a World Water Vision and a Framework for Action. Yet, immense barriers persist for an international protocol on water.