For workers without a habitual work place, the journey between home and the first and last appointment of the day constitutes working time. This was decided by the European Court of Justice on 10 September 2015. The ruling applies only to people without a fixed workplace or office, which could for example be fitters, technicians, care-workers, or sales reps, as long as they do not work from a fixed location each day. It took effect immediately and the interpretation of EU law that flows from it applies to all EU member states.
This article examines this new ruling and what this means for companies.