Discursive studies on natural resources often fail to examine how the language of existential threats is constructed, while the probable contextual factors for triggering securitization and its implications are also left unexamined. Applied to the Israeli–Palestinian water conflict, this study utilizes negotiation protocols from the Annapolis peace process to quantitatively examine how securitized discourses are triggered and constructed. The study determines that asymmetric actor ratio and negative background events trigger securitizing moves that in this case perpetuate enmity and division. Securitization under conflict scenarios is found to be mostly detrimental to the resolution of water issues as the resource becomes secondary to other high-profile concerns. A more favorable securitized discourse is identified, but this discourse is infrequent and characteristically aligned with the literature that espouses desecuritization.
Removal of Fallen Leaves Can Improve Urban Water Quality
The timely removal of leaf litter can reduce harmful phosphorus concentrations in stormwater by over 80 percent in Madison, Wisconsin, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey study. Autumn leaf litter contributes a significant amount of phosphorus to urban stormwater, which then runs off into waterways and lakes. Excessive amounts of nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen can cause eutrophication, or the depletion of oxygen in water, resulting in death of aquatic animals like fish. The USGS-led study found...
Large Precipitation Events are Critical in Replenishing Groundwater Resources
Large precipitation events that occur about every 10 years are a critical source of recharge for replenishing groundwater resources, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation. Groundwater is a vital source of water in the western United States, and will be increasingly important with continued population growth and climate variability. Understanding the role of these large recharge events in replenishing aquifers and sustaining water supplies is crucial for long-term...
An Interview with George Hawkins, DC Water
“I have often used the phrase a ‘crisis is a terrible moment to waste.’ Countries and regions that are most impressive on water innovation are usually places that had a crisis of some sort driving the need to innovate.” says George Hawkins, CEO and General Manager of DC Water in an exclusive interview with Rethink Events ahead of next month’s World Water-Tech North America. To view more click here
Waters and BioanalysisZone are Highlighting our Bioanalytical Chemists
Like the black panther, are analytical scientists going extinct? In a presidential election year, we are reminded of the many tough choices we face—Democrats or Republicans, plastic or paper, ketchup or mustard, soccer or football. And as we watched the Olympic track and field events, for instance, we saw the margin between first and last become more narrow with each subsequent heat. Bioanalysis Zone’s New Investigator’s Award is no different. With a field of 25 outstanding scholars nominated,...
The Importance of Local Knowledge When Preparing an Oil Spill Response Plan
What to Know About New OSRP Regulations What is an OSRP? Comprehensive Oil Spill Response Plans (OSRPs) have been required for many years for containers with a capacity of 42,000 gallons or more. The goal of these comprehensive OSRPs was to detail specific response requirements in the event of a spill and ensure the transporter had plans and training in place to respond. Since a typical train tanker car only carries about 30,000 gallons, comprehensive OSRPs rarely applied to the rail industry until now. PHMSA...