ABSTRACT: Reintroduction of species is viewed as a conventional conservation tool across Europe. Yet, the reintroduction of a species into an area where it was formerly extinct in a country can involve considerable social and economic impacts. Effective national management strategies for European protected species must comply with the protection laid down in the Habitats or Birds Directives whilst, at the same time, addressing human socio-economic concerns. This case study on the Eurasian beaver (listed in Habitats Directive Annexes II and IV) examines the strict protection afforded to the beaver (Article 12) and the ways in which exceptions to that protection, or derogations (Article 16), may form part of national or regional species management strategies. Case studies from the Netherlands, Germany and Latvia illustrate conservation success but, at the same time, provide a cautionary tale about the management of a species with a well developed capacity for ecosystem engineering. What happens when a previously extinct or endangered species with the potential for impacts on human activities becomes abundant? While national law and policy makers must remain attentive to conservation concerns, ensuring the strict protection of the species, they must also be mindful of changes both in human political and socio-economic concerns and in the dynamic natural world. Twenty years on, is the protection afforded by the Habitats Directive suffi ciently pragmatic and fl exible to take account of changes in species conservation status and in the social, political and economic needs of Member States?
Wacky Weather: What it Means for Seasonal Birds
Last Tuesday started off like an average early-May day in the town of Carlsbad, New Mexico, with temperatures steadily rising into the low 80s. As late afternoon approached, light rain started and became stronger as the evening went on. It wasn’t until after dinner that Carlsbad resident Skye Pope noticed a much louder tapping sound on his windows and roof than simply rain, and went outside to investigate. A hailstorm had swept into town, bringing quarter-sized pellets of ice, and larger. Pope is able to...
What Pest Birds are Protected?
Pest birds can become a costly nuisance to property owners. Some people have resorted to lethal means to eliminate their bird problem, but they don’t realize that doing so could be a violation of state and/or federal law. Many migratory birds are protected from harm by these laws and heavy fines have been levied against violators. Currently, there are only three birds that are not federally protected: Feral pigeons, European starlings and House sparrows. Protected species can’t be killed or injured...
How to Keep Birds Away from Airports
The last thing you want at an airport are birds hanging out around the tarmac and airfield. Pest birds can be very hazardous to aviation with birds colliding with aircraft, known as bird strikes, possibly causing aircraft to crash. Pest birds can be difficult to get rid of once they nest on your property. Here are a few tips on how to keep birds away from airports and why they are dangerous. Health Hazards Don’t let pest birds leave behind potential diseases on tarmacs and airfields Nothing is worse than...
A Review of Migratory Bird Flyways and Priorities for Management
This document, commissioned by the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), and developed with the CMS Flyways Working Group, outlines the scientific and technical issues for conservation of migratory birds and their habitats, and relevant international instruments, initiatives and processes. It is in three parts namely: Part 1 (previously Review 1) – a review of CMS and non- CMS existing administrative and management instruments for migratory birds globally. The first part of the series provides an...
Wild birds not the source of Avian Influenza in Korea
The recent outbreak of the H5N8 strain of Avian Influenza is causing many victims amongst poultry and wild birds in the Republic of Korea. The Scientific Task Force on Avian Influenza and Wild Birds has issued a statement on this outbreak saying that there is currently no evidence that wild birds are the source of this virus. Instead the focus of disease control actions must be on the domestic poultry sector. No evidence The Republic of Korea reported the first outbreak of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza...