Understanding and Adding Value to the UK IPPC Permit Management Process


Courtesy of BSI

Untitled Document


This paper discusses the UK IPPC Permit Management Process and how ensuring compliance and managing the reporting process can be supported using an Environmental Management System and implemented in the Entropy System.


The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) regime is a Europe-wide regulatory system introduced in the UK by the Pollution Prevention and Control (PPC) Regulations (SI2000:1973) in 2000. This new regime for the regulation of pollution from industrial sources is developed from, and supersedes, the Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) regime originally introduced in the Environmental Protection Act of 1990.

The addition of the word 'prevention' indicates that the regulations have moved away from the focus on 'end-of-pipe' control techniques to those further up the management chain, including assessments of management techniques, raw material inputs and waste outputs, as well as environmental fate and impacts. The PPC regime will cover nearly 7000 installations in the UK by the time it is fully implemented; by contrast, IPC covered about 2500 processes.

Like IPC, the IPPC regime is being phased in by industry sector over a period of time. The process started in mid 2001 with some elements of the ferrous and non-ferrous sectors and finishes in early 2007 with the intensive agriculture sector. Operators are required to produce and submit applications for permits to the Environment Agency (EA) for so-called ‘Part A(1)’ processes and Local Authorities (LAs) for ‘Part A(2)’ processes.

These applications are made for ‘installations’. The installation is a fairly complicated entity; it’s a mixture of the processes covered in the Regulations (‘Stationary Technical Units’) and entities called ‘Directly Technically Associated’ (DTA) activities. A simple example is shown in Figure 1. Applications for permits require operators to provide the relevant regulator with a variety of information on issues such as:

  • What and where the installation is;

  • The STU and other DTAs operating within the installation;

  • In-process controls;

  • Emissions to all media, both point and fugitive;

  • Management techniques and management systems;

  • Raw material use and minimization;

  • Waste storage handling and disposal;

  • Energy efficiency;

  • Accident prevention;

  • On-site and off-site (if relevant) monitoring;

  • De-commissioning plans; and

  • Environmental impact.

With increasing numbers of installations being issued with permits as the implementation timetable nears its end, risk and compliance professionals are increasingly concerned with the proactive management of permit conditions (maintenance of the permit) rather than the reactive requirements of putting together a permit application, substantial as these are.

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