This paper examines universal and regional approaches to resolving international disputes over shared freshwater resources, primarily through an analysis of selected case studies. It reviews the relevant multilateral and basin-wide legal regimes with a view to identifying regional trends. The exercise reveals that countries in different regions of the world have developed distinctive schemes to resolve their disputes over water. Generally, watercourse states in Africa and Europe appear to prefer to use negotiations and joint bodies as the means to settle conflicts but are willing also to accept third-party involvement, including arbitration and adjudication. On the other hand, in North America and, in particular, Asia, joint institutions and technical bodies play the most dominant role, with practically no recourse by states to compulsory third-party settlement.
Tips for Complying with the New York City Recycling Mandates.
The NYC Department of Sanitation (DOS) states that it’s illegal for recyclables to be collected in the same bag as garbage. Here’s 5 top tips to help you avoid facing penalties: 1.Keep recycling and trash together. Reduce your stream contamination by keeping waste and recycling bins together. If bins become separated people will use the closest bin rather than the correct bin to toss their waste. The NYC DOS states that it’s illegal for recycling to be collected in the same bag as trash, or...
Are Universal Wastes DOT Regulated?
The answer is yes, no, and maybe. Under the DOT regulations, hazardous wastes are regulated in all modes (ground, air, rail, vessel) of transportation. EPA has classified specific hazardous waste as Universal Waste to streamline the process and encourage recycling of these materials (see 40 CFR 273). EPA has specifically addressed the DOT requirements for these waste at 40 CFR 273.52 as follows: § 273.52 – Waste management.(a) A universal waste transporter must comply with all applicable U.S....
8 Recycling Tips for Facility Managers
IFMA (International Facility Management Association) states that Environmental Stewardship and Sustainability is one of the top 3 core competencies for facility managers. Here’s 8 tips to help you implement a recycling program that positively impacts your bottom line, and the environment. 1.Conduct a waste audit. A waste audit helps you determine the volume and type of waste generated in each area of your facility. It also helps you identify whether you have any specialized collection requirements. For...
Organics Diversion In College Residence Halls
At colleges and universities across the United States, residential hall composting programs are becoming more prevalent, especially when following the successful adoption of pre and postconsumer food scraps collection in their dining halls. The higher rate of organics diversion contributes to these universities’ initiatives to achieve Zero Waste, and to encourage environmental stewardship. The majority of organic waste generated in residence halls comes from take-out food, campus eateries and paper towels...
Liveability and the Water Sensitive City
This report establishes the foundation for ongoing research by the CRC in linking urban water management and urban liveability. The study commenced through the Science-Policy Partnership for Water Sensitive Cities, a joint initiative of Monash University’s then Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (now Monash Water for Liveability Centre) and Victoria’s Department of Sustainability and Environment (DSE).Through adopting a ‘societal needs’ approach to liveability, the report draws connections...