Keywords: mass defects, nucleus binding energy, BE, deuteron, nucleons, nuclear science, nuclear energy, nuclear power, nucleon masses
Universal equality of masses of nucleons and binding energy of the nucleus
There are two inherent observations: firstly, masses of nucleons are fundamental constants, i.e., they are the same universally (inside and outside the nucleus in all cases); and secondly, nuclei possess Binding Energy (BE) (Δmc?) owing to a mass defect. To explain these observations, in the case of the deuteron (BE = 2.2244 MeV), the mass defect of nucleons must be 0.002388 amu or about 0.118 54% of the mass of nucleons, i.e., nucleons must be lighter in the nucleus. This is not experimentally justified. If the generalised equation ΔE = Ac?Δm is applied, then it explains both observations simultaneously, i.e., the equality of masses of nuclei (assuming an infinitesimally small mass defect) and the BE. According to ΔE = Ac?Δm, even with an infinitesimally small mass defect (2.388 ? 10−4 amu, for example), the BE of the deuteron can be 2.2244 MeV owing to the presence of the conversion factor A.