Keywords: analytical hierarchy process, AHP, fire-fighting systems, ventilation, fire dynamics simulator, FDS, tunnels on fire, fire protection systems, road tunnels, rail tunnels, fire safety, ventilation systems, simulation
Use of analytic hierarchy process and fire dynamics simulator to assess the fire protection systems in a tunnel on fire
The road and rail tunnels are increasing in number. Corresponding to this higher number of tunnels, a higher number of accidents related to safety problems occur. The safety of road and rail tunnels is mostly related to fire safety. Our purpose in this paper is to present a new integrated approach to the analysis of fire safety in tunnels. Using different techniques from the decision support tools, such as the analytic hierarchy process, and through the use of a fire dynamics simulator, we suggest a new priority in the classification of the fire-fighting systems in tunnels. Attention will be paid especially in the analysis of the ventilation systems in tunnels.