Wastewater treatment is a concern in most industrial sectors. However, the food and beverage industry is potentially more concern than most. The food and beverage industry is traditionally a user of large volumes of water. The cost of water is rising sharply in many countries around the world, often related to the higher costs of delivery of high quality potable water as well as the costs of infrastructure renewal. This paper explores the relationship with the function of water in the plant, minimizing the volumes, then using technology to cost effectively treat the effluent.