Water balance: case study of a constructed wetland as part of the bio-ecological drainage system (BIOECODS)

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The Bio-ecological Drainage System, or BIOECODS, is an urban drainage system located at the Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia. It consists of a constructed wetland as a part of the urban drainage system to carry storm water in a closed system. In this closed system, the constructed wetland was designed particularly for further treatment of storm water. For the purpose of studying the water balance of the constructed wetland, data collection was carried out for two years (2007 and 2009). The results show that the constructed wetland has a consistent volume of water storage compared to the outflow for both years with correlation coefficients (R2) of 0.99 in 2007 and 0.86 in 2009.

Keywords: BIOECODS, constructed wetland, evaporation, water balance, water resources

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