Safe, affordable and accessible water is regarded as one of our planet’s scarcest natural resources. This is particularly true on the African continent, where water insecurity is often an everyday reality. At the same time, equitable access to water is fundamental to life and human health and well-being.
South Africa already struggles with water scarcity, and it is predicted that the country will face a significant water crisis in the coming decade. Thus water scarcity could well become a fundamental development constraint in the future. Within this context, a range of choices are being made. Choices with major implications for water availability, poverty alleviation, job creation, electricity generation and energy access. One of these choices relates to the energy future of this country, which has economy-wide implications.